Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a growing refractive error of the eye. For a person with normal sight, the curvature of the cornea and the lens aid the viewing process by smoothening and helping with the refraction of the image of an object perceived by the lens on the retina. This image produced has a sharp focus. A refractive error occurs when either the cornea or the lens does not have that smooth curvature and for myopia, the error is of the cornea which causes the image to be refracted in front of the retina rather than on it. This causes a blurred effect when viewing a distant object. This refractive error can be corrected by myopia control.
Sign That’s You Need Myopia Control:
When we talk about myopia control, these three factors are also taken into consideration. Reading something in dim lights, watching something from close quarters (especially television) and not spending much time outdoors are some of the reasons you might develop myopia. While this problem might not be as serious sounding as eye disease, if left unchecked then myopia poses various health-related issues and even safety hazards.
Going to the doctor and opting for myopia control is of utmost importance. While some symptoms of myopia are easy to discern, some needs a specialist’s opinion. Here are 5 of the symptoms that you have must not neglect:
- The difficulty is seeing distant objects and needs to squint in order to get a better view.
- You suffer from headaches whenever you strain your eyes too much in order to view distant objects
- Excessive blinking and constantly rubbing the eyes.
- You see flecks of lights in line of your vision. In some cases, there might also be flashes of light that occurs in either one or both the eyes.
- When you are trying to see something, there seems to be a veil that covers your eyes. The images are hazy beyond comprehension.
What is Myopia Control?
The reason you need to opt for myopia control is that this seemingly little hurdle of sight can often develop into something serious like glaucoma, retinal detachment and myopic maculopathy – the central and retinal area suffers damage. The degree of the refractive error determines the way your treatment needs to go to provide the best results and the doctors can determine that only after a thorough eye examination. Besides, factors like age, medical history, and previous prescriptions also play a role when the treatment procedure is considered. While there are various surgical methods for myopia control, people often avoid those as the results are not always satisfactory and in severe cases, the person still has to wear spectacles even after surgery.
The Most Popular Control Methods Are:
- Lenses – Special lenses like distance-center bifocal contact lenses and Ortho-K lenses are recorded to have helped stop myopia progression in children. Ortho-K, or Orthokeratology, is used while you are sleeping. These lenses provide gentle pressure on your cornea which causes a temporary molding of the outer layer. This method lasts all day and you are not required to resort to glasses or lenses until your next rest stop.
- Medication – Atropine is found to be effective in the majority of the cases in order to halt malignant myopia. While this cure is not permanent and you need to continue the usage till the progression stops completely or you opt for other methods, there are no side effects to this medication.
Myopia is a very common occurrence, especially among children where it first gets detected. While genetics and the environment often play an important role in the development of myopia, the lifestyle of the person also affects the development of nearsightedness. It is not true in all cases that children of myopic parents will suffer from myopia and at the same time the development of myopia might not be from an early stage. The best way, along with these remedies, is to ensure that you do not strain your eyes too much and that you allow daylight to enter the eyes to provide better nourishment.
An eye test does not merely mean testing your vision. It is much more than that. It allows an optometrist to check and find out if there is any kind of problem in your eyes Identifying issues at the right time may help in saving your valuable pair of eyes. Often people around the world think that the eye problem is related to the age of the people and generally elderly people suffer from any kind of eye problem. Young people, even though if they are not suffering from any kind of eye problem, they should visit an eye doctor at least once in a year to get their eyes checked. People over the age of 40 must get their eye checked a couple of times in a year. This is for the people who do not face any difficulty or have no issues related to the eyes. But others need to visit an optometrist once in six months or as per your optometrist’s advice. Other than the regular check-ups, people should make it a point to get their eye examined if there is even a slight issue with their eyes.
Here Are the Some Points Which is the Importance of Your Eye:
Importance of eye test:
- Eye Examinations help your children in school. It is important to monitor the status of your children’s eyes regularly so that they do not suffer in school or any other social interaction. Frequent eye check-ups help in understanding if there is an issue which your child might face.
- The ever-increasing chances of getting myopia, i.e., nearsightedness. People are getting this disease at a faster rate and thus the need to identify it is very important.
- Eye Check-Ups can help patients identify other serious health problems. High blood pressure, cholesterol and such diseases can be easily identified through eye tests.
An eye examination at home – sometimes, some people are unable or could not afford to visit an optometrist in their clinic. In such cases, an eye doctor can visit you at your place. For this, they charge extra but the patient or his family should ensure that the doctor is qualified enough to perform an eye test. A lot of government organizations also have various schemes for physically or mentally challenged people. In such a case, they might get their eye examined for free. Thus, make sure that you know well about the government policies in case you are not doing well and need financial assistance.
Things to be taken while going for an eye test – While going for an eye test, they are some things which you should take along. These things help the optometrist in understanding your situation better. These are not compulsory but simply make the entire process easier for you and your eye doctor. The things that you need to carry are:
- The contact lenses or the spectacles you are currently wearing.
- Any old prescriptions which you must have received from the doctor from your previous eye check-ups (if any).
- Any documents related to your eye check-up which you might have if you have visited any eye hospital previously
- A proper list of all medicines you are currently consuming. This list is very important even if those are not related to your eyes. This has to be done because it is very important to know if the medicines that you are consuming already will have any kind of side effects on the new medicines prescribed (if any).5. The contact details of your doctor that might help the optometrist in contacting him/her if there is any difficulty with your health condition.
Thus, this article sums up the various things you need to know before you go for an eye test. Why is it important and what are the documents which need you should take with you when visiting an eye doctor?
Our eyesight is one of the most important senses because 80% of what we perceive comes through our sense of sight. Therefore, it is very important to protect your eyes from the odds of vision loss and also to reduce eye diseases like cataracts and glaucoma. While facing any vision problem, you should immediately go to an eye care specialist to detect eye issues as early as possible. Eyes test should be done at least twice every year even if you are not facing any problems with your eyesight. This helps to detect the minor problems as well as keeps you safe from any disease that you might be approaching but are yet to detect by yourself.
You should always visit your eye specialist from time to time to stay updated about the power of your eye. Ignoring eye problems for a long time can lead to other massive issues such as blindness; headaches, migraine, etc. Take a look at these reasons, and we are sure that you are soon going to rush to the eyes test specialist closest to your home to get it checked.
Take a Look Here:
- Myopia is really widespread – We hate to scare you, but myopia is slowly becoming more of an epidemic with a majority of people suffering from it. If you have a child, then you should definitely get him or her checked because their progression and power increase rapidly before you even realize it. Therefore, the eye test is necessary to assess the young children’s risk of myopia to be a serious eye problem later in life. It is always better to stay on the safe side and check for the condition rather than to be scared of it and ignoring the eyes test.
- Can detect other serious health issues – Regular eye tests also helps us to get to know about serious health conditions such as blood sugars, cancer, diabetes, blood pressure and so on During the eye examination, the doctor will actually check the blood vessels which are present in your retina; these vessels will change if any of the above-mentioned health conditions are present so you will know just by the annual eyes test.
- Glaucoma can be detected – Out of all the eye conditions that can occur, glaucoma is probably the most serious condition that you can be subjected to. This is because during the early stages there is no signs or symbols of the disease so without the proper eyes test you will never know that something is wrong with your eyes. People who contently postpone the routine eyes test often develop glaucoma, and they get to know about this only after they lose their eyesight completely and permanently. A routine eye test helps to detect the early occurrence of glaucoma and other risks factors associated with it, and if one does not wish to get blind, and then he or she should get their eye checked immediately.
- Helps the children to succeed in their school – Most of the children cannot perform well in their school owing to a disturbance in their eyesight. But they are too young to detect it on their own. So as responsible parents you should take your little ones to eye checkup clinics at least once in a month so that their eye problems can be detected at the starting stage. This will help them to succeed a lot not only in their classroom but also outside it, right from the very beginning. Don’t make them fall into trouble.
Selecting a health physician and an eyes doctor, both are equally important. Just as you take utmost care in maintaining your health, you also need to take the right steps for having a good vision. So these are some of the reasons why regular eyes test is absolutely crucial for any individual, young or aged. So if you value your health stop postponing your eye doctor appointment and visit him or her today. You will be surprised at how relieved you feel once you consult your doctor and know you are not at any risk.
Contact lenses are often preferred by people who have a vision problem and want to correct it without wearing eyeglasses or undergoing laser surgery. Contact lenses save you from the hassles of wearing heavy glasses at a stretch. There are so many types of lenses out there, and you have to choose the one that best suits your purpose and preferences. Types of lenses vary upon the types of materials they are made of or the duration they can be worn.
How Contact Lenses Vary In Terms Of Material:
Depending on the type of material the contact lenses are made up of, they are categorized as follows:
- Soft lenses: These lenses are made up of hydrogels which are gel-like plastics that contain water inside. They are very flexible and thin and quickly adapt to the front part of your eye. That is why they the most common types of lenses preferred by lens users. Hydrogels also provide oxygen to the eyes to make wearing them even easier.
- Hard lenses: These lenses are often made up of hard plastic that firmly hold their shape without restricting the flow of oxygen to the eye. Also known as RGP or rigid gas-permeable lenses, they are often prescribed to patients with keratoconus or astigmatism. They provide sharper vision as compared to soft lenses. However, these contact lenses are harder to wear and to adapt to.
- Hybrid lenses: These lenses are a mixture of soft and hard lenses. They have RGP plastic in the center and silicone hydrogels on the edges. They are designed to deliver extreme comfort to the user while wearing along with crystal clear vision. However, these are expensive than its counterparts, because of which they are not so popular in the market.
How Contact Lenses Vary In Terms Of Duration They Can Be Worn:
There are differences in the time durations until which you can wear certain lenses. Depending on that, they are categorized as follows:
- Daily disposables: These contact lenses can be worn for a day and thrown away by night. You don’t need any lens solution to wear or wash them, and you don’t need to take extensive care for them or for their hygiene. If you are too lazy to clean and maintain your lenses,, these ones are for you. These are particularly good for the people who don’t wear lenses regularly, but only occasionally. Athletes prefer them because they can wear them easily while on the field. They are also preferred by those who have allergies to substances that may get accumulated on the lenses.
- 2-weekly disposables: These contact lenses can be worn every day for 2 weeks and then can be disposed of. You need to clean them daily and store them overnight. For this, a compatible lens solution would be required. These lenses are good for people who don’t have much time to spare to care about their lenses. These turn out to be cheaper than daily disposables.
- Monthly disposables: These are similar to 2-weekly disposables, but they can be worn for one month. They are good for those who want to wear them 5-6 times a week and then throw them after a month.
- Extended wear lenses: Made up of silicone hydrogels, they provide sufficient oxygen to your eyes and stay exceptionally comfortable and breathable. You can continuously wear them for as long as one month without removing them even during nights or while taking a shower.
Even with proper care, contact lenses should be replaced periodically to prevent the lens deposits from building up. The deposits can lead to contamination and eventually eye-infections. Before you take the plunge, visit an eye specialist to know whether you will need a lens or which one will be suitable for you.
Don’t be embarrassed in having stained, yellow and browning teeth as now there are many products available that will retain the whitening of your teeth and bring back the lost confidence.
Previously, these teeth whitening products weren’t readily available to the public. The only way by which you could benefit from them was to go to a dentist where you would have to burn a hole in your pocket but not anymore. However, now with the growing awareness about cheap teeth whitening, we can clean our teeth using our household things.
Cheap Teeth Whitening
Who does not wish to possess sparkling white teeth? When you have sparkling white teeth, they will be able to broaden your smile and at the same time, they will also contribute to give you a magnetic personality. Here are some cheap teeth whitening remedies which are home-based:
- Floss your teeth: For teeth whitening, some people find it difficult to floss their teeth when compared with brushing. However, as a home remedy, the dentists consider flossing to be more important than brushing. To obtain the best results, you should floss twice daily.
- Eat strawberries: Strawberries help to whiten your teeth as they are laced with an enzyme which is known as malic acid and vitamin C. By eating strawberries, they aid in teeth whitening as they help to remove the surface stains. On the other hand, vitamin C helps to wash away the plaque. If you mash a few strawberries and brush your teeth with the mixture once or twice a week can have positive results.
- Lemon peel and juice: Lemon is another type of fruit which an effective teeth whitener is also due to the presence of a high acid level which is there in the peel of the lemon. This works as a bleaching agent or even as a powerful whitener. You can either rub the lemon peel to your teeth.
- Lemon and baking soda: As a home remedy using baking soda and lemon is an excellent tooth whitening home remedy. The reason for this is that baking soda’s chemical reaction along with the citrus of lemon juice will have a smile-brightening effect. When you brush with this solution up to once per week, it can produce the desired results.
- Banana peel: Banana is a type of fruit which has lots of important nutrients for your body. A banana peel should not be a waste. Now rub the banana peels for two minutes. After brushing for fifteen minutes you can brush your teeth with the help of your normal toothpaste. You should repeat the process at least thrice a week. You will get the due results in some time. A banana peel can help to whiten teeth since the banana peels contain minerals such as manganese, potassium, and magnesium and these penetrate the teeth to whiten them.
Cheap Teeth Whitening
So, instead of spending thousands on the fees of the doctor, one can get sparkling white teeth by using homemade products and without much investment.
However, there are a few things that one might do or follow to avoid stained teeth:
- Regular brushing: It is very important to brush your teeth twice daily to avoid staining of teeth.
- Avoid caffeinated products: Caffeinated products have the tendency to leave stain marks on your teeth leading to a yellowish color.
- Excessive sweets: Excessive sweets can lead to a lot of damage to your teeth, so one must avoid excessive sweets or brush properly after consuming sweets.
Dentures are a form of replacements often designed for missing teeth which can be removed and placed again into the mouth. Apart from this, there are conventional options available too that are positioned on the gums or might be attached to your natural teeth. Those which are implant-supported get fixed to a foundation that is surgically implanted to the jawbone. There are two different types of dentures, which are full and partial ones.
To understand which type of denture would be suitable for you, it’s best to consult a certified dentist. The professional expert will examine the present condition of your teeth and then determine whether all or only a few teeth have to be replaced.
How Do The Dentures Work?
Each denture varies from one another, as a result of which they work in a different manner. More information about this is given below:
- Modern Full Denture: Full denture is inserted into the mouth only after any existing set of natural teeth is removed. The dentist would take the required measurements and then prepare models for the jaw before carrying out the procedure. Although an impeccable benefit of full denture is that you won’t need to live without teeth ever again, these need to be relined after a few months of insertion. This is because the bone that supports your teeth tends to reshape when it heals, due to which the denture might become loose.
- Traditional Full Denture: These dentures get placed into the mouth only when the tissues have healed completely. Here, healing may take many months, and during this period, you will have to stay without teeth.
- Partial Denture: A partial denture is placed on a framework made up of metal that connects with your natural teeth. At times, a crown is also positioned on some of the teeth, as they act as anchors for them. These artificial teeth turn out to be a removable alternative for bridges.
How Much Time Will It Take To Get Used To The Denture?
After successful completion of inserting denture, you may feel uncomfortable and awkward for a few weeks. Speaking and eating with the new set of teeth would need a bit of practice and habit. Feeling that they are loose or bulky than before is common, as the muscles of your tongue and cheek get acquainted with them during this time. Along with this, other symptoms such as feeling your tongue does not have enough room, secretion of too much saliva and minor soreness combined with irritation is also experienced. If the symptoms are intense, then a good practice would be to consult your dentist immediately.
How Long Will The Denture Last?
With time, the denture must be remade, rebased or relined because of normal wear. Rebasing refers to the practice of creating a new base that will support the existing denture. In addition to this, as you grow older, the mouth changes naturally. Such changes make the denture loose which would irritate the gums or make chewing difficult. So, at times, you need to get them remade with age and changes in your mouth structure.
How To Take Good Care Of Your Dentures?
Here are certain tips that you can follow for providing the best care to your denture:
- Never let your denture dry out. Always keep in a denture cleaner or plain water when you don’t wear them.
- Brushing the denture just like your natural teeth will keep it free from plaque and food deposits and also prevent them from getting stained.
- Brush the tongue, gums and your palate using soft-bristled brush prior to inserting the denture into your mouth.
- Visit your dentist immediately if the denture cracks, breaks, loosens or chips. Never adjust them yourself.
Considering the different types of dentures out there, you won’t have to feel self-conscious or suffer while chewing your food anymore. However, the skill and expertise of a dentist always count for taking an informed decision.
An Optometrist is an independent healthcare professional for all the problems and diseases concerning the eye. New technologies have helped to expand the scope and efficiency of eye treatment. The advancement in eye care has benefitted many patients and has also boosted optometrists’ practice.
For example, in recent years, the technology of contact lenses and treatment has expanded and seen a vast improvement. Latest technologies such as laser eye surgery have emerged to treat vision deficiency and diseases like glaucoma bringing better days for patients. An Optometrist is usually the one who consults with patients about new treatments.
The Major Assistance an Optometrist Provides is as Follows:
- Examination, diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases, injuries, and disorders of the eye, overall visual system and the structures that are associated with it.
- Counseling of patients regarding non-surgical and surgical options that will meet their visual needs.
- Identification of related systemic conditions that affect the eye, which include diabetes or high blood pressure.
- Medications that are to be prescribed.
- Performing certain surgical processes.
- A requirement of vision therapy and rehabilitation of low vision.
- An Assistance of patients with contact lenses and spectacles.
The day of an optometrist is filled with various types of cares, from prescribing glasses and lenses for the treatment of diseases such as retinotherapy and glaucoma along with performing minor surgical procedures and providing care for pre- or post-operation patients who have undergone ophthalmologic surgery.
A common misunderstanding prevalent in most people is the confusion between an ophthalmologist and dispensing optician. Ophthalmologists are mainly physicians who are concerned with surgery including diagnostics and treatment of eye conditions. On the other hand dispensing opticians fit eyeglasses and contact lenses after following prescriptions that are written by ophthalmologists or optometrists.
What Education Do You Need to Become an Optometrist?
To become a doctor of optometry you need to complete a minimum of three years of undergraduate study from some accredited university or college. An OD program must be attended during the duration of the course and the Optometry Admission Test must be taken. Only then can you be accepted in an accredited optometry school.
Important Qualities that Should be Present in an Optometrist:
- Decision-making skills: they must evaluate the results of a variety of diagnostic tests and also make a decision on the type of treatment that will be deemed best for the patient.
- Detail oriented: they must ensure that treatment and prescriptions and medications a patient receives should be accurate and appropriate. Monitoring of various pieces of information that are related to the patient is of prime importance.
- Interpersonal skills: Doctor-patient interaction is a valuable addition while diagnosing a disease. Since they spend most of the time examining patients, they must be frank and easy while interacting with them. The patient should feel comfortable during the treatment.
- Communicative skills: eye care instructions are vital parts of pre- and post-operative situations. The doctor must clearly state the dos and don’ts to ensure proper recovery of the patient.
What Are the Job Prospects of Optometrists?
The number of optometrists in any given region is limited because of the stringent availability of optometry schools, thus licensed optometrists can expect good jobs and salaries. Students who choose to complete a residency program can get extra incentives.
Optometry is a noble and rewarding profession simultaneously. Optometrists are good listeners and analyzers and require patience just like any other medical practitioner. They can work individually and also with an organization. With flexible hours and good work-life balance, an optometrist has a fulfilling life. And the most important factor is that you will be taking care of humans’ most precious possession, their eyes!